IP Archives of Cytology and Histopathology Research (ACHR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2016 and is published under the Khyati Education and Research Foundation (KERF), is registered as a non-profit society (under the society registration act, 1860), Government of India with the vision of various accredited vocational courses in healthcare, education, paramedical, yoga, publication, teaching and research activity, with the aim of faster and better dissemination more...
Author Details :
Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2021
Article Page : 91-96
Introduction: Swellings in the Head and Neck region are very common and are evaluated with the help of a detailed clinical history, physical examination and investigations like FNAC, USG, CT scan or excisional biopsy. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a simple, quick, inexpensive and minimally invasive OPD procedure used in the diagnosis of different swellings of Lymph nodes, thyroid, salivary gland and soft tissues in the Head and Neck region.
Aim: We did this study with the purpose of identifying the frequency and distribution of different pathologies found in FNAC done in patients presenting with a swelling in the Head and Neck region as per the site, age, sex and type of the lesion.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on the patients presenting with swelling in the Head and Neck region at the Pathology department of a tertiary care hospital between the duration of 1st August 2019 to 30th April 2021. FNAC was performed on total 260 patients.
Results: Out of 260 cases, 157 cases (60.4%) were from Lymph nodes, 50 cases (19.2%) from thyroid gland, 27 cases (10.3%) from skin and subcutaneous tissue, 23 cases (8.84%) from salivary gland and 3 cases (1.1%) were inconclusive due to inadequate material aspiration. 149 cases (57.98%) were inflammatory, 70 cases (27.24%) benign and 38 cases (14.78%) were found to be malignant.
Conclusion: FNAC is a simple, quick, inexpensive, minimally invasive OPD procedure and used as first line of investigation in the diagnosis of swellings in the Head and Neck region.
Keywords: Fine needle aspiration cytology, Head and Neck, Inexpensive, Simple.
How to cite : Sapre J P, Vyas K N, Maru A M, A study of FNAC of head and neck region at a tertiary level hospital. IP Arch Cytol Histopathol Res 2021;6(2):91-96
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